Pregnancy is mostly considered as a period of emotional state for women. Actually, this is one of a risk factor for depression which is defined as psychological pain with mood swings.
Failure in treating depression in pregnancy can affect badly for the baby and the mom. So, any depression treatment have to be embarked on with some caution. In fact, more than 50% of pregnant women have a higher level of anxiety or depression symptoms according to a study of American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG).
Two factors associate with depression are stress during pregnancy and a family history of depression. The worries over financial problem, bad relationship and lack of support can lead to stresses during pregnancy. While if you have experienced depression in the previous time, you could have a higher risk of depression in your pregnancy.
And did you know that ignoring your depression during pregnancy is a great danger?
Depression can be a dangerous for your family, your baby and yourself. Prenatal depression effects on the fetus and the newborn that’s why you need prenatal depression treatment.
Some studies show that depression during pregnancy is linking to smoking, drinking, less attentive, less active, premature labor, poor nutrition and underweight babies.
The researches show too that many pregnant mother frequently ignore depression symptoms. This situation is even worsening when many of their healthcare providers miss the diagnosis.
ACOG guidelines on psychiatric medication use during pregnancy and lactation recommend that all pregnant mother should perform screening at least once during their pregnancy with a standardized depression screening.
And if necessary, the pregnant women should refer to a healthcare specialist.
Treating Depression in Pregnancy: Your Next Step
Treating serious depression in pregnancy is highly controversial nowadays. But, if you experience light to medium level of depression, you might go to a recommended psychotherapist to do some talk therapies.
More severe depression absolutely need a combination of both psychotherapy and an antidepressant.
And herein where the controversy lies. However, the most common, effective and safe antidepressants frequently used for pregnant women are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs).
The problem is some SSRIs have some relations to birth defects such as heart and lung problems. This, of course, will need you to balance the risks and the benefits. But how?
Two Treating Depression in Pregnancy New Studies
1. American Journal of Psychiatry
Published in 2016 compared data of more than 800,000 births. They found some surprising support for SSRI use.
The pregnant women treated with SSRIs had 16% lower risk of preterm birth and about 50% lower risk of very preterm birth compared to the pregnant women without any depression treatment.
The untreated pregnant mothers also had a higher level of C-section deliveries than any their companions. But on the other side, there was indication that babies whose mothers on SSRIs were more likely to have breathing problems. The babies were also having longer stays in hospital for neonatal care.
2. British Medical Journal
Published a few months later in the same year. They release a study towards nearly 10,000 mothers of infants with birth defects and almost 10,000 mothers of infants without birth defects. The study is to compare and find out if five types of SSRIs used early in their pregnancy may be associated with birth defects.
The very good news is that for three types of the SSRIs (Zoloft, Celexa, and Lexapro) there was gladly no link to birth defects.
However, the bad news is that for two types of the SSRIs (Prozac and Paxil) there was sadly found the risk for birth problems was approximately three times bigger than normal.
It is highly essential to remember that even with the increased risk, the likelihood that a baby whose mother who experienced to these products will develop an extremely low birth defect.
Treating depression in pregnancy is dead serious business. Never ignore its symptoms and never think it’s hard to cure. SSRI treatment is a perfect choice for your depression after your healthcare professionals underline all the benefits and the risks.
The following are the symptoms of depression you need to talk with your healthcare providers:
- High anxiety
- Increased sorrow or sadness
- Loss of interest in activity
- Changes in sleep or eating habits
- Frightening thoughts
- Feeling guilty
- Feeling worthless
- Thinking of death or suicide
A shocking truth is suicide because of depression murders more pregnant women than any toxemia of pregnancy or even bleeding during pregnancy.
You should be careful if you have thoughts of injuring yourself, you are absolutely in a medical emergency. Go get for help right away.